Research Paper – Challenges Facing Human Capital Return on Investment (HCROI) in Mena Region

Abstract
The Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region is currently experiencing low level of productivity from its workforce due to behavioral structures that are in place. On the economic front, the low level of human capital productivity in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) has been attributed to inequality in individual merits and qualifications which could point back to the importance of education in developing of human capital. Socially, factors such as racial, ethnic and gender discrimination issues play an important role in the low level of human capital productivity in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA). This paper adopts systematic literature review methodology to presents a technical assessment of the benefits that accrues to the companies that makes direct investment in human capital which are the major assets for every business with specific focus on companies located in the MENA region. The current study concluded that those companies which are on the vanguard of efforts in promoting direct investment in their human resource tend to be more profitable and successful financially, strategically and have less employee turnover and generally their employees are more motivated as compared to those companies that are less aggressive in direct investment on human capital.
Keywords: Developing Human Capital; Enhancing ROI; Investment in People; High Retention, Low Turnover, Grow Business Profitability.
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